Why in the discussion?

Recently, the government vaccination program for pregnant women and children, Mission Rainbowh has been selected as one of the twelve best global practices that increase the level of health care by an independent medicine Zuri.

key points

  • The conference ‘Partners Forum’ organized by India will be held in New Delhi.
  • In this Summit, an attempt will be made to bring health officials of 85 countries together on one platform to discuss health issues related to mother, child and adolescence.
  • The best twelve practices out of 300 applications from around the world will be displayed at this Summit.
  • These 12 research will be published in a special issue of the British Medical Journal (BMJ).
  • India’s goal is to vaccinate 90 percent of all pregnant women and children by the year 2020.
  • According to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) statistics, this number was 62 percent in the year 2015-16.

Success statistics

  • In the 1990s, the mortality rate decreased from 77 percent in India to 44 percent and death rate among children below five years has decreased from 126 percent per thousand live birth to 39.
  • Chile and Germany’s social security policies have been appreciated for the development of early childhood.
  • In addition to this, the development program for the poor in Cambodia and Mission Rainbow in India is considered to represent the stories of quality, equality and dignity, while Indonesia and the United States were considered to be a good demonstrator for the best practices in the health and welfare of adolescence. is.
  • Along with that, the Toll Free Helpline of Malawi and Malaysia’s universal anti-HPV vaccination coverage is being cited as the best initiative for sexual and reproductive rights.
  • After decades of war and instability, Afghanistan’s health services have also been scaled, as well as the Sierra Leone radio program, which supports Ebola-based children and their communities, has been considered among the humanitarian and most liberal cases. .

About Mission Rainbow

  • The Union Health Ministry launched ‘Mission Rainbow’ on December 25, 2014.
  • The objective of this mission is to immunize all such children by 2020, who have not been vaccinated against or fought partially for seven diseases.

Intense mission rainbow

  • On August 1, 2017, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched ‘Sharp Mission Rainbow’ by the Ministry to accelerate full vaccination coverage and give more attention to urban areas and other areas with lower vaccination coverage.
  • Accordingly, the year 2018 is the target of complete immunization coverage.
  • Under the intense mission rainbow, more attention is being given to those urban areas on which the mission could not be concentrated under the rainbow.
  • A unique feature of the intense mission, Rainbow is that it is being given more attention on co-ordination with other ministries / departments especially women and child development, Panchayati Raj, urban development, youth affairs, NCC etc. related to ministries and departments. .
  • According to the successful implementation of the proper coordination between the grassroots workers of different departments such as ASHA, ANM, Aanganwadi workers, district motors under NULM, self-help groups, intense missions, rainbow is very necessary.
  • The ‘universal vaccination program’ of India was initiated in a phased manner in the year 1985, which was one of the largest health programs in the world, with the objective of providing complete immunity to 90% of all the districts of the country.
  • Although despite being in operation for many years, only 65% ​​of the children of UIP found themselves immune to the disease in the first year of their life. So Mission Rainbow started.

Source: Business Line (The Hindu)

Why in the discussion?

Recently, the World Health Organization released the Global Status Report on Road Safety – 2018 , according to which the number of deaths in road accidents is increasing steadily.

according to the report,

  • The number of people killed in road accidents reached 1.35 million annually.
  • Due to road accident every 23 seconds is a death.
  • A major factor in the death of children aged 5 to 29 years is the injury in road accidents.
  • Despite the increase in the total number of deaths in road accidents globally, the rate of mortality relative to the size of the world population in recent years has stabilized. This suggests that due to existing road safety efforts in some middle and high income countries this situation has decreased.
  • In fact, the risk of death in road traffic is three times more in countries with lower income than those of high income countries.
  • Death rates in road traffic in Africa are highest (26.6 per 100,000 population) and the lowest in Europe (9.3 per 100,000 population).
  • Since the previous version of the report, the death rate of road traffic has decreased in three regions of the world – America, Europe and the Western Pacific.
  • Diversity in road traffic deaths is also influenced by the type of user. At globally, the percentage of pedestrians and cyclists in road accidents was 26%, in this statistics, Africa for 44% and the eastern Mediterranean for 36% is responsible.
  • Motorcycle riders and passengers share 28% of the total road accidents in road traffic, but in some areas this ratio is high, for example it is 43% in South East Asia and 36% in the Western Pacific.

About the report

  • The WHO Global Position Report on Road Safety is released every two to three years, and acts as an important surveillance tool for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020.
  • Earlier this report was released in 2015.
  • Global Position Report on Road Safety 2018 is funded by Bloomberg Philanthropies.

Other findings of the report

Compared to the previous report released in 2015, the other findings of the Global Position Report 2018 on Road Safety are as follows:
  • 22 additional countries have amended their laws on one or more risk factors so that they can be implemented in the best way and to accommodate 1 billion additional people.
  • In 46 countries representing 3 billion people, there is a law to set the speed limit, which is in line with best practice.
  • There are currently 45 countries representing 2.3 billion people who have laws on drinking and drinking, which are in line with best practice.
  • 49 countries that represent 2.7 billion people currently have laws on the use of helmets while riding motorcycles, it is also in line with the best practice.
  • In 105 countries representing 5.3 billion people, there are currently laws on the use of seat belts that are in line with best practice.
  • 33 countries representing 652 million people currently have laws on the use of child restraint systems which are aligned with best practice.
  • At present, 114 countries have introduced some systematic evaluation or star rating of existing roads.
  • Only 40 countries representing 1 billion people have applied at least 7 or all 8 priority standards to the UN vehicle safety standards.
  • In order to activate the emergency care system, more than half the countries (62%) have a telephone number with full coverage in the country.
  • A formal procedure is to train and certify pre-hospital care providers in 55% of the countries.

WHO Report and India

The deaths in road accidents in India can be assessed by the remarks of the Supreme Court, in which the Supreme Court has said that so many people in the country do not die on the border or in the terrorist attack as the roads die on the pits Are there. It is definitely unfortunate that people die like this.
  • According to WHO estimates, the rate of death toll in road accidents in India is 22.6 per 100,000.
  • According to the report, traffic accidents have decreased in cities of India and through the medium of media campaigns and strong enforcement, the number of people drinking and drinking in most cities has decreased.
  • Despite this, 150,785 deaths occurred in road accidents in India in 2016. This trend shows that the number of deaths in road accidents has increased since 2007.
  • India has established the most necessary rules for the protection of people, but these rules have failed to reduce the statistics of deaths on the roads.
  • Therefore, in order to fulfill the commitments of sustainable development agenda 2030, the governments have an urgent need to increase their road safety efforts.
  • In the report, India has been presented as an example for the implementation of the Seven or Eight Priority of United Nations Vehicle Safety Standards.

Source: WHO website and Down to Earth


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