Long ago, the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu had urged the Prime Minister to stop the process of feasibility study for the Mekadatu dam project in Karnataka. But recently, the Central Water Commission (CWC) has given the administrative approval to the Mekedatu Multipurpose Project on the river Kaveri, approving the Karnataka government’s pre-feasibility report.

Mekedatu Project.

  • The project being set up by the Karnataka government on the Kaveri river is near Meccadoot in Tamilnadu’s Ramanagaram district.
  • The proposed capacity of this project is 48 TMC (thousand million cubic feet). Its primary purpose is to supply drinking water to Bangalore and to recharge (recharge) the ground water in this area.

Tamil Nadu vs Karnataka

  • Tamil Nadu has approached the Supreme Court on the matter. The main argument of Tamil Nadu is that the Mekadatu project violates the final decision of the Cauvery River Water Authority and as a result of the construction of two reservoirs, the water supply in Brihigundulu of Karnataka and Tamilnadu along with water in the Krishna Sagar and Kabini reservoirs Will be affected.
  • At the same time Karnataka says that this project will not be used in Tamil Nadu for issuing water in the prescribed quantity, nor will it be used for irrigation purposes.

Politics on the Dam

  • There was a massive protest against the project in Tamil Nadu in 2015, which was supported by political parties, farmers, transport associations, retailers and traders.
  • At the same time, the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly passed a resolution unanimously and urged the central government to stop the project from making Karnataka.

Forward path

  • According to experts of the Cauvery Water Management Authority (CWMA), it is compulsory for the CWMA to accept the approval of this project even after the Central Water Commission (CWC) approves the project.
  • According to the experts of the Authority, the detailed report of this project is yet to be done, as the CWC’s decision has been taken keeping in view the concerns raised by the Tamil Nadu government only.

Central Water Commission – CWC

  • In the field of water resources, it is a major technical organization of the country.
  • General responsibility to start, coordinate and carry forward this consultation with State Governments for the control, conservation and consumption plans of the entire country’s water resources for the purpose of flood control, irrigation, shipping, drinking water supply and hydropower development. Has been assigned.
  • The head of this commission is a president whose post is of the level of ex-officio secretary of the Government of India.
  • The Commission has three technical wings, including design and research, water planning and project and river management wing.
  • Its headquarters are in New Delhi.

Cauvery Water Management Authority-CWMA

  • The Central Government constituted the Cauvery Water Management Authority (CWMA) on June 1, 2018, to settle disputes related to water sharing between Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Puducherry.
  • The Supreme Court had given the order for the formation of this Authority on February 16, 2018. According to the Supreme Court’s decision, the central government had to constitute this authority within six weeks.

Structure of authority

  • This authority includes one president, one secretary besides 8 members.
  • The Chairman is appointed by the Central Government.
  • The tenure of the Chairman of the Authority has been fixed till the completion of 65 years of age or 5 years.

Source: Indian Express


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