Why in the discussion?

Recently, a portal called ‘Digital Sky’ has been launched by the Ministry of Civil Aviation to initiate the registration process for drone operators in the country.

key points

  • In August this year, the government had enacted rules for the operation of Remotely Piloted Aerial System (RPAS), which took effect from December 1.
  • Under these rules, details of operators, remote pilots / users and manufacturers / OEMs have been given a detailed explanation for the safe operation of RPAS and co-operative use of the air space.
  • Digital Sky Platform was also announced under the Civil Aviation Rules (CAR), which is the first such platform of its kind to provide an ideal system of software-based self-enforcement to reduce the violation of CAR ‘without permission Does not apply ‘(No Permission, No Take-Off-NPNT).
  • Under these norms, the drone users will have to register their drones once. They will also need to register their pilots along with the owners of the drone.
  • Nano drones in India can legally start flying from December 1. For drones of micro and above categories, operators will need to register on the digital Sky portal.
  • According to the ministry, the digital platform has begun accepting the registration of users and payment for Unmanned Aerial Operator’s Permit-UAOP and Unique Identification Numbers (UIN), India portal portal (Bharatkosh.gov .in).
  • According to the ministry, to obtain permission to fly, Remotely Piloted Aerial System-RPAS or drone operators or remote pilots have to enter a flight plan.
  • The Ministry said in a statement, “Only the flight time and space will be needed for the flight to the Green Zone through the portal or app. Permission will be required to fly in the Yellow Zone and flights in the Red Zone will not be allowed. “
  • Identification of these areas will be announced soon. Permission will be made available on the portal digitally. No drones will be able to fly without a digital permit to prevent unauthorized flights and ensure public safety.
  • Digital Sky Platform is designed to be developed with the changing needs of this rapidly changing industry. In the coming months, new features will be developed to simplify the flight process for users and to provide monitoring facilities to security agencies.
  • In addition, it has been speculated that in the future, the Digital Sky Service Provider (DSPs) will expand the functionality of this platform through the Application Program Interface (APIs).
  • Ministry has constituted a task force on the recommendation of drone policy 2.0 chaired by Jayant Sinha. Task Force is expected to release its final report by the end of this year.
  • It has been stated in a release issued by the Ministry that the drone 2.0 action plan for RPAS is likely to include autonomous flights, distribution through drones, and beyond the boundary of view (BVLOS) regulatory framework.
  • On the basis of weight, five categories of drones – Nano (less than 250 gm), Micro (250 gms to 2 kg), small (2 kg to 25 kg), medium (25 kg to 150 kg) and large (150 Kg more).

What is the drone?

  • Remotely Piloted Aerial System (RPAS), known as a drone, is a technical platform with extensive applications.
  • They are blown away by a remote or specially designed control room. The drones are of different types depending on their size, scope, stability and ability to carry loads.
  • They usually have stable wings, rotor ones and they get energy from the battery. The functionality of different drones working through the GPS system is different.
  • Normally the range of drones used for monitoring is currently 100 km Till then. Once the battery is charged, it is 100 km high at a height Can fly at an hourly speed.

Source: LiveMint and PIB

  • The 13th summit of the G20 was held in Buenos Aires, Argentina from November 30 to December 1, 2018.
  • This Summit was very special in many ways. During this conference, the group leaders discussed the methods and solutions to tackle the new challenges of the coming decade, along with reviewing the works of G20 which came into existence 10 years ago.
  • In this conference, India presented a 9-point agenda for dealing with GHF economic criminals and also bilateral and trilateral meetings with many other countries.
  • The theme of this conference organized in Buenos Aires was ‘BUILDING CONSENSUS FOR FAIR AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT’.
  • During this conference, discussions on issues like corruption, women empowerment, strengthening fiscal governance, global economy, future of labor markets and gender equality were discussed.
  • Apart from this, issues like proper action on climate change, cooperation on trade and investment, fairness in global taxation were discussed.
  • The main focus of this conference was on ‘the future of work, infrastructure for development and sustainable food security’.

Source-g20.org, mea.gov.in


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