Why in the discussion?

Based on the Climate Risk Index-CRI-2019 developed by Germwatch, an independent development organization recently, India has been ranked 14th in countries affected by extreme weather events in the last 20 years.

key points

  • In this ranking, four neighbors of the country have been given even higher positions than India. According to the report, Myanmar third in this ranking, Bangladesh seventh, Pakistan eighth and Nepal are at eleventh position. This index explains why four neighboring countries of India are more affected by extreme weather events.
  • This index analyzes the quantitative effect of extreme weather events (storm, flood, fierce heat etc.) in case of death and economic loss. In addition, this index keeps the effect of these effects in full and also with related conditions.
  • However, during 1998-2017, 73,212 people were victims of extreme seasonal incidents in India and during this time period, the number of annual average deaths of India was 3,660 due to extreme weather events, which is the second highest average after Myanmar’s annual average death number 7,048 the number is.
  • Due to population adjustment, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal have been placed above India in the list. In order to assess the economic impact, CRI also looks at the loss of unit GDP per country.
  • During 1998-2017, India had to face super cyclone, other cyclones, floods, landslides and heavy rains and fierce heat incidents in Odisha. In view of the CRI only for the year 2017, India is again at 14th position in a separate list, while Nepal is fourth and Bangladesh is ninth.
  • The report also mentions heavy rain in these three countries in the year 2017, which affected 4 million people and caused about 1,200 deaths. Sri Lanka, whose 20th year’s ranking is 31st, has been ranked second in the year 2017 (this year, more than 200 deaths due to heavy rains and landslides).
  • In contrast, Myanmar and Pakistan, which are among the 15 countries most affected in the 1998-2017 list, are ranked 69th and 33rd respectively in the list of the year 2017. In Myanmar’s 20-year list, this situation is largely due to the cyclone Nargis in 2008, due to which 1.40 million people were estimated to be killed.
  • In the 14th edition of this year’s analysis, the results of the earlier climate risk index have been reaffirmed that generally less developed countries are more affected than extreme weather events compared to industrialized countries.
  • It has been suggested in the report that the climate summit in Katowice should be adopted in the ‘rule book’ necessary for the implementation of the Paris Agreement, including global optimization goals and optimization communication guidelines.

Other related statistics

  • Puerto Rico (150 deaths / year), Honduras (302 deaths / year) and Myanmar (7048 deaths / year) have been identified as the most affected countries with 3 climate risks during this 20-year period. China (1240 deaths / year) is 37th in this list, while Bhutan (1.65 deaths / year) is in 105th place.
  • For the list of 2017, Puerto Rico, Sri Lanka and Dominica were the most affected countries in the year 2017 due to extreme weather events. This is followed by Nepal, Peru and Vietnam. Puerto Rico and Dominica were severely affected by Hurricane Maria in September 2017
  • In total, the death of more than 5,26,000 people between 1998 and 2017 and the loss of 3.47 trillion US dollars (in purchasing power parity) was due to direct result of more than 11,500 extreme seasonal incidents.
  • During 1998-2017, eight of the ten most affected countries and regions were developing countries with low incomes or low-income groups, a country (Dominica) was classified as a high-middle income country and one The other country (Puerto Rico) was classified as an advanced economy producing higher income.

Source: Indian Express, Germanwatch

Dr. Mahaparinirvan Day of Bhimrao Ambedkar

On December 6, 1956
 , constitutionalist Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar was killed, which is celebrated as Mahaparinirvana day all over the country. This year 63rd Mahaparinirvana Diwas is being celebrated by Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar.
  • Dr. BR Ambedkar was the Chief Producer of the Indian Constitution and the first Law Minister of Independent India.
  • He was a great legalist, economist, social reformer and politician.
  • In the year 1990, he was awarded posthumously Bharat Ratna Award.
  • Ambedkar wrote his last book in 1956, which was on Buddhist religion, the book was titled ‘The Buddha and His Dhamma’ . It is worth mentioning that this book was published in the year 1957 after his death.
  • Chathya land situated in Dadar, Mumbai, is Ambedkar’s mausoleum.

Varschikolsavam Festival

Vrishikulasam is an annual festival celebrated in the temple of Sri Poornathrayeesa in Tripunithura of Kerala.
      • Sri Phantnatharayas Temple is the only temple of South India where the idol of Lord Vishnu can be seen in a different posture, in which Lord Vishnu can be seen sitting under the five faces of the divine serpent Ananthan, whose folded body is itself Works for the throne for God.
      • This festival is organized for 8 days.
      • During the festival, a series of traditional art forms and programs like kathakali, ottanthullal, thayampaka and music are organized.

The world’s first telorobotic coronary surgery (World’s first ‘telerobotic coronary surgery)

      • A cardiologist from Gujarat, through a teleobotomy surgery, is 32 km away. Siting away from heart operated. This operation is believed to be the world’s first operation through telerobotics.
      • This operation has been awarded to Padmashree and renowned cardiologist Dr. Tejas Patel.
      • It is believed that this kind of operation will bring a new revolution in the field of medicine. With the help of such technology, high tech medical facilities can be provided in villages and remote areas.

First Homeland Project in Nagaland

      • ‘Tribal Circuit Development: Peren-Kohima-Wokha’ project was inaugurated on 5th December, 2018 in Nagaland.
      • This is the first project to be implemented in Nagaland state under the Swadesh Darshan scheme of the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India .
      • The project costing Rs 97.36 crores was approved by the Ministry of Tourism in November 2015.
      • Under this project, the Ministry has organized tribal tourist villages, Eco Log Huts, Open Air Theater, tribal rejuvenation center, cafeteria, helipad, tourist-interpretation center, side-side facilities ( Wayside Amenities), Public Public Features, Multipurpose Halls, Tracking Routes.

Home country planning

Swadesh Darshan Yojana is one of the ambitious plans of the Ministry of Tourism, which aims to develop circuits with special specialty in the country as planned and prioritized.
      • Under this scheme, the Government is pushing for quality structured development with the aim of providing better experience and facilities to the tourists while on the other hand economic growth is also encouraging.
      • This scheme was started in the year 2014-15.
      • Ministry of Tourism has approved 73 such projects of 5873.26 crores in 30 States and Union Territories so far. As many as 8 projects have been inaugurated under the scheme so far.
    • The Indian Veterinary Research Institute has created the new hybrid species of pig, the cross breeding done by the indigenous breed of Landes and Bareilly of Denmark, Landley is the name of the country’s most advanced pig species
    • The first SkyWalk, King Power Mahanakhon, built on the terrace of 314 meters (1030 feet) high-rise building in Thailand’s capital Bangkok, is its name
    • Phone calls and Internet browsing permissions during the flight can be received from January
    • Cuban citizens will get first access to access; Cuban government announces launch of 3G facility
    • Panama became the first Latin American country to join China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)
    • RBI keeps repo rate for second time in continuation; Rate will stay at 6.50%
    • Ministry of Road Traffic and Highways notified dual-fuel use for agriculture and construction equipment
    • ‘Blue Waters Ahoy!’, Released during the year 2001-10, book of the history of Indian Navy; Admiral Anup Singh is the author of this book
    • The successful launch of GSAT-11, India’s heaviest satellite, will come in the speed of the Internet
    • Dr. B. R. Ambedkar will pay tribute to 63rd Mahaparinirvana day, December 6, 2018
    • Distribution of Soil Health Cards under Soil Health Card Scheme (SHC); Ensuring proper use of nutrients for crop production and improvements in soil health
    • Mr. Kuldeep Singh, Chief Coach of Indian Women’s Wrestling Team, promoted to the post of assistant commercial manager in Northern Railway.
    • The Government of India and the Republic of Peru signed the agreement relating to cooperation and mutual assistance in matters relating to customs
    • Ministry of Railways and Madam Tusad Wax Museum signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU); Delhi NCR aims to promote tourism
    • Indian woman of Indian origin, Shamila Bato, South Africa’s First Female Chief Prosecutor
    • RBI decision to set up expert MSME committee; MSME sector will provide solutions to ensure economic and financial sustainability in long term


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