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1 out of 8 deaths in India due to air pollution

Why in the discussion?


Recently a research findings published in The Lancet Planetary Health were released in ICMR. According to which, air pollution in India was responsible for one of the eight deaths in India in 2017, which proved to be a major risk factor for the deaths in India.

key points

  • According to the comprehensive estimates before the reduction in life expectancy associated with air pollution in each State published by the India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative, 18% of the world’s population, due to the global air pollution Includes 26% of the burden of premature deaths and illness.
  • India State Level Disease Burden Initiative, Indian Council of Medical Research-ICMR, Public Health Foundation of India-PHFI and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation – IHME) is a Joint Venture that operates with the help of experts and stakeholders associated with over 100 Indian institutions in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • The main findings of the research include the fact that in the year 2017, 12.4 lakh deaths were caused by air pollution in India, in which 6.7 lakh deaths were caused due to external particulate matter air pollution and 4.8 lakh deaths due to domestic air pollution.
  • About half of the deaths due to air pollution resulted in people below 70 years of age. In 2017, 77% of India’s population was in contact with particulate matter PM2.5 above the recommended range by the national ambient air quality standards.
  • It has been said in the report that the level of contact with PM2.5 was highest in Delhi, followed by the other North Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Haryana.
  • The findings in this research paper are based on all available data for air pollution, which were analyzed using standardized methods of Global Burden of Disease Studies.
  • Apart from this, the study said that due to air pollution for major non-transitive diseases in India in the year 2017, Disability-Adjusted Life Years-DALYs were at least as much as tobacco Was due to the use of.
  • According to the study, the lowest level of air pollution from which health losses occur, if the reduction occurs, the average life expectancy in India with the highest increase in Rajasthan (2.5 years), Uttar Pradesh (2.2 years) and Haryana (2.1 years) is 1.7 years more Will be
  • It has been suggested in the study that the differences between the states should be kept in mind when exposed to external and domestic air pollution while planning policies to reduce the impact of air pollution and its impact on its health.
  • According to Prof. Randeep Gulria, director of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), “excessive adverse effects of air pollution on health are increasingly being recognized. Air pollution is a one-year event, especially in North India, which is responsible for respiratory diseases Makes more effect on health than others. “

National Ambient Air Quality Standards

  • The National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) was notified by the Central Pollution Control Board on November 18, 2009 under the Air (Pollution Prevention and Control) Act, 1961.
  • It includes 12 pollutants – Sulfur Dioxide (SO2), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), PM-10, PM-2.5, Ozone (O3), Lead (Pb), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Ammonia ( NH3), Benzene (C6H6), Arsenic (As), Nickel (Ni), Benzo Pyren (BaP).
  • Of these 3 pollutants (PM10, SO2 and NO2) are monitored by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in collaboration with pollution control committees (PCC) for various state pollution control boards (SPCB) and Union Territories, in the 254 cities / cities 612 places Is done at

Source: The Hindu

Why in the discussion?


Recently a research findings published in The Lancet Planetary Health were released in ICMR. According to which, air pollution in India was responsible for one of the eight deaths in India in 2017, which proved to be a major risk factor for the deaths in India.

key points

  • According to the comprehensive estimates before the reduction in life expectancy associated with air pollution in each State published by the India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative, 18% of the world’s population, due to the global air pollution Includes 26% of the burden of premature deaths and illness.
  • India State Level Disease Burden Initiative, Indian Council of Medical Research-ICMR, Public Health Foundation of India-PHFI and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation – IHME) is a Joint Venture that operates with the help of experts and stakeholders associated with over 100 Indian institutions in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • The main findings of the research include the fact that in the year 2017, 12.4 lakh deaths were caused by air pollution in India, in which 6.7 lakh deaths were caused due to external particulate matter air pollution and 4.8 lakh deaths due to domestic air pollution.
  • About half of the deaths due to air pollution resulted in people below 70 years of age. In 2017, 77% of India’s population was in contact with particulate matter PM2.5 above the recommended range by the national ambient air quality standards.
  • It has been said in the report that the level of contact with PM2.5 was highest in Delhi, followed by the other North Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Haryana.
  • The findings in this research paper are based on all available data for air pollution, which were analyzed using standardized methods of Global Burden of Disease Studies.
  • Apart from this, the study said that due to air pollution for major non-transitive diseases in India in the year 2017, Disability-Adjusted Life Years-DALYs were at least as much as tobacco Was due to the use of.
  • According to the study, the lowest level of air pollution from which health losses occur, if the reduction occurs, the average life expectancy in India with the highest increase in Rajasthan (2.5 years), Uttar Pradesh (2.2 years) and Haryana (2.1 years) is 1.7 years more Will be
  • It has been suggested in the study that the differences between the states should be kept in mind when exposed to external and domestic air pollution while planning policies to reduce the impact of air pollution and its impact on its health.
  • According to Prof. Randeep Gulria, director of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), “excessive adverse effects of air pollution on health are increasingly being recognized. Air pollution is a one-year event, especially in North India, which is responsible for respiratory diseases Makes more effect on health than others. “

National Ambient Air Quality Standards

  • The National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) was notified by the Central Pollution Control Board on November 18, 2009 under the Air (Pollution Prevention and Control) Act, 1961.
  • It includes 12 pollutants – Sulfur Dioxide (SO2), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), PM-10, PM-2.5, Ozone (O3), Lead (Pb), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Ammonia ( NH3), Benzene (C6H6), Arsenic (As), Nickel (Ni), Benzo Pyren (BaP).
  • Of these 3 pollutants (PM10, SO2 and NO2) are monitored by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in collaboration with pollution control committees (PCC) for various state pollution control boards (SPCB) and Union Territories, in the 254 cities / cities 612 places Is done at

Source: The Hindu

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